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By John Greenwood

A Conceptual background of Psychology is a huge ancient survey that lines conceptual continuities and discontinuities within the background of mental concept. the writer connects the heritage of mental concept with the advance of the heritage of technology, from the proto-scientific psychology of the seventeenth and 18th centuries to the institutionalized clinical psychology of the overdue nineteenth century to the current day. The lucid writing kind and transparent association mirror the author's fifteen years' adventure educating the direction.

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D. (1965). Acedia: Its evolution from deadly sin to psychiatric syndrome. British Journal of Psychiatry, 111, 117–119. Baldwin, J. M. (1913). History of psychology. New York: Putnam. , & Le Page, A. (1968). Weapons as aggression-eliciting stimuli. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 202–207. Bhaskar, R. (1975). A realist theory of science. London: Leeds Books. Boakes, R. (1984). From Darwin to behaviorism: Psychology and the minds of animals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Boring, E.

Method of agreement The methodological principle that if instances of an effect have only one condition in common, then that condition is the cause of the effect. method of concomitant variation The methodological principle that if one condition increases or decreases while an effect increases or decreases, that condition is the cause of the effect. indd 25 12/14/07 2:43:29 PM 26 CHAPTER 1: HISTORY, SCIENCE, AND PSYCHOLOGY method of difference The methodological principle that if an instance in which an effect occurs and an instance in which it does not occur differ with respect to only one condition, then that condition is the cause, or an essential part of the cause, of the effect.

According to Popper, the falsifiability of scientific theories is what distinguishes science from pseudoscience. great men history A history that ascribes major developments to the influence of individuals. historiography The theory and methodology of history. hypothetico-deductive method The method of postulating theories and testing them via their deductive or predictive implications. inductive method The method of deriving theories from observations. instrumentalism The view that scientific theories “about” unobservable entities are not potentially true descriptions of them, but merely linguistic devices that facilitate the prediction of the behavior of observable entities.

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