Download A Dictionary of Varieties of English by Raymond Hickey PDF

By Raymond Hickey

A Dictionary of types of English provides a entire directory of the designated dialects and varieties of English spoken during the modern world.

  • Provides a useful advent and consultant to present study traits within the field
  • Includes definitions either for the varieties of English and areas they function, and for terms and concepts derived from a linguistic research of those varieties
  • Explores vital study concerns together with the transportation of dialects of English, the increase of ‘New Englishes’, sociolinguistic investigations of varied English-speaking locales, and the learn of language touch and change.
  • Reflects our elevated knowledge of world sorts of English, and the advances made within the research of sorts of the language in fresh decades
  • Creates a useful, informative source for college kids and students alike, spanning the wealthy and various linguistic sorts of the main generally accredited language of foreign communication

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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Varieties of English

Sample text

Initially, the transportation was via the Caribbean, then directly to the south-east coast of the later United States. 10]) meant that 18 African American English urban African American varieties developed outside the South (see great migration). Because these were severed from the historical core area they have frequently undergone developments not shared with the original varieties in the South. Varieties of African American English embody a large number of non-standard features on all levels of language.

2) Existential there is replaced by it: It ain’t no football pitch at school. (3) Plurals are not marked if preceded by numerals. He here for three year now. (4) The genitive is not necessarily marked with /s/ (as position is sufficient to indicate this category) I drove my brother car. (5) A formal distinction is frequently made between second person singular and plural: you [juː] (singular) and y’all [jɒːl], derived from you + all (plural); this is also a general southern feature. Grammar, verbal syntax (1) Third person singular -s is variably omitted.

5) Use of now for the immediate future: I’ll phone her now or as an intensifier: He’s now really stupid. (6) With WH-questions the interrogative word order is maintained in subordinate clauses, for example I must just find out when is he coming. How can I tell you how was it? (7) Deletion of verb markers and contracted forms of the verb ‘to be’ occur: She looking tired; The wife play. Vocabulary Apart from specific terms from the region and direct borrowings from Afrikaans there are features which could be due to transfer or retention, for example the use of learn for teach.

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