Download A History of Modern Psychology (10th Edition) by Duane P. Schultz, Sydney Ellen Schultz PDF

By Duane P. Schultz, Sydney Ellen Schultz

Heritage doesn't need to be uninteresting, and this article resides facts with insurance of attention-grabbing subject matters starting from the arguable use of IQ exams at Ellis Island to the psychodynamics of gum chewing. A industry chief for over 30 years, A historical past of recent PSYCHOLOGY has been praised for its complete assurance and biographical procedure. concentrating on glossy psychology, the book's insurance starts with the past due nineteenth century. effectively averting dry narrative, the authors customize the background of psychology not just by utilizing biographical details on influential theorists, but additionally via displaying you ways significant occasions in these theorists' lives have affected the authors' personal rules, techniques, and strategies. immense updates during this variation comprise discussions of evolutionary psychology, cognitive neuroscience, and confident psychology. the result's a publication that's as well timed and appropriate this day because it used to be whilst it used to be first brought.

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Plan of the Book We describe the philosophical and physiological precursors of experimental psychology in Chapters 2 and 3. The psychology of Wilhelm Wundt (Chapter 4) and the school of thought called structuralism (Chapter 5) developed from these philosophical and physiological traditions. Structuralism was followed by functionalism (Chapters 6, 7, and 8), behaviorism (Chapters 9, 10, and 11), and Gestalt psychology (Chapter 12), all of which evolved from or revolted against structuralism. On a roughly parallel course in time, though not in subject matter or methodology, psychoanalysis (Chapters 13 and 14) grew out of ideas about the nature of the unconscious and the medical interventions to treat the mentally ill.

Finally, after about 10 years and after I published a lot of articles, my colleagues began to treat me seriously as a psychologist (Scarr, 1987, p. 26). Contextual Forces in Psychology 11 Despite such examples of obvious discrimination, psychology’s record for equitable treatment of men and women is far more enlightened than that of other scholarly disciplines and professions. By the beginning of the twentieth century, 20 women had earned doctoral degrees in psychology. In the 1906 edition of the reference work American Men of Science (note the title), 12 percent of the listed psychologists are women, a high figure considering the barriers to their graduate education.

Other examples of simultaneous discovery in science and technology include calculus, oxygen, logarithms, sun spots, and the conversion of energy, as well as the invention of color photography and the typewriter, all discovered or promoted at approximately the same time by at least two researchers (Gladwell, 2008; Ogburn & Thomas, 1922). Nevertheless, the dominant theoretical position in a scientific field may obstruct or prohibit consideration of new viewpoints. A theory may be believed so strongly by the majority of scientists that any investigation of new issues or methods is stifled.

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