By Gregg Henriques
Difficulty approximately psychology’s fragmentation isn't really new, yet there has for the earlier decade been expanding demands psychologists to recognize to the prices linked to fragmentation and to look for tactics to unify the discipline.
A New Unified thought of Psychology introduces a brand new approach that addresses psychology’s present theoretical and philosophical problems. the recent concept includes 4 interlocking items that jointly provide—for the 1st time—a macro-level view that clarifies the character of psychology’s difficulties and provides a transparent strategy to unify many of the components of the sphere. The unified concept offers the sector of psychology with a well-defined material, permitting either educational psychologists might be in a position to boost a shared language and conceptual foundation.
From the reviews:
"...the writer takes at the tremendous bold problem of defining psychology, articulating conceptually its family members with different sciences, picking out its key theoretical ideas, and resolving its quite a few schisms (research/practice, neuroscience/social technology, animal/human, bewildering array of doubtless nonoverlapping theories and therapies)...He has a great skill to explain, study, and summarize in a number of pages immense and intricate parts of study (attributions, cognitive dissonance, behavioral types of depression.......) with no getting slowed down in examine details...I particularly loved the extra own info and anecdotes the booklet layout gave him the distance to incorporate -- e.g., improvement of the "Justification Hypothesis" because the "joint point" among brain and tradition takes to the air from his reflections on why he used to be past due getting domestic for dinner one evening in grad college. and a few of his reviews on psychotherapy integration take as aspect of departure unique research of what he saw as venture director for a medical trial of cognitive treatment in prevention of recurrent suicide makes an attempt that by no means made the ultimate released record of the study...All advised, it's no longer mild analyzing, but when you get pleasure from pondering giant photograph issues you will discover loads of foodstuff for proposal here." (Dave Haaga, American collage, September 2011)
"Like sociology and anthropology, psychology is outlined through incompatible competing faculties of thought.and can't be thought of a mature technology, simply because there isn't any experience within which every one iteration of researchers builds upon the middle analytical insights of prior generations of researchers… This booklet is written for scientific and study psychologists, and therefore avoids this type of mathematical version construction and axiomatization that's attribute of mature sciences… Henriques notes that it truly is nearly very unlikely to outline modern psychology simply because many psychologists think about psychology to be a idea of the workings of the brain, whereas others deny the suggestion of "mind" altogether, and restrict themselves to modeling saw habit. therefore, Henriques takes his first target to be that of "locating" the sector ontologically. He argues that there's a Tree of information with 4 segments. the 1st is "Matter," that's studied by way of physics, chemistry, geology, and astronomy. the second one is "Life," studied by means of biology. The 3rd is "Mind," that is the subject material of psychology, and the fourth, and optimum, is "Culture," studied via the social sciences. Henriques will pay unique realization to the 3 issues of junction among segments of the Tree of information. He says the Matter-Life junction is modeled through organic evolutionary idea, the Life-Mind junction is modeled through what he calls Behavioral funding concept, and the Mind-Culture junction is modeled via what he calls Justification thought. by means of Behavioral funding conception, Henriques capacity primarily the rational selection version of determination, organic and fiscal idea, even if he provides a size of complexity to human habit by means of asserting that Justification conception calls for a "rational emotional actor" that's not thoroughly modeled in ordinary rational selection thought (p., 46). i'd upload that Henriques additionally contains online game concept as a part of Behavioral funding thought, just because decision-making while there are a number of brokers concerned calls for game-theoretic reasoning. This viewpoint is simple to monetary conception. In biology, the extension of choice concept (e.g., foraging conception) to online game idea used to be pioneered through John Maynard Smith, Evolution and the speculation of video games (Cambridge college Press, 1982), and now's typical in all of animal habit thought. In Henriques' cutting edge terminology, social interactions are ruled by means of an "Influence Matrix," that's a part of the psychology of the person that regulates how the person pertains to others. Henriques stresses the emotional part of such interplay and avoids all online game theoretic reasoning in addition to any research of the position of incentives and payoffs within the number of behaviors ruled via the impression Matrix… i feel Henriques' espousal of Behavioral funding conception is crucial integrating idea during this ebook. If this precept on my own have been integrated uniformly all through examine psychology, it's going to offer a lot of the sought-for analytical core…A New Unified concept of Psychology is terrifically difficult, to the purpose of maybe being a brand new starting for psychology as a study discipline.” (Herb Gintis, Santa Fe Institute and relevant eu collage, September 2011)
“Offers a suite of nested frameworks that places diverse components of mental examine and perform right into a coherent dating with one another. … it's also important that the publication has very good transitions, with summaries usually reminding the readers the place they've been and expecting the place they're going. … If i'll train a graduate-level creation to Psychology, this may be the publication. If i may suggest one e-book to colleagues distraught on the fragmented nature of the sphere, this might be the book.” (Eric P. Charles, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. fifty seven (26), July, 2012)
From the again Cover
Following the death of the so-called grand theories provided via luminaries like Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner, and Carl Rogers, the sphere of psychology mostly gave up its early aspirations to color a large photo of the human situation, and now the self-discipline focuses totally on empirical difficulties that experience a comparatively slender scope. The end result has been a proliferation of attention-grabbing findings without actual skill to reply to substantial questions or to generate a shared common figuring out of the human situation. This publication seeks to alter the established order and provides up a brand new unified idea of psychology that redefines the technology and the career and paints a brand new photo of human nature within the strategy.
A New Unified conception of Psychology
“The box of psychology is understood for its paradoxical mix of sweeping scope and ambitious micro-theories, at the one hand, and fragmentation and internecine squabbling, at the different. To this scenario, any critical attempt to supply integration and solidarity inside mental wisdom and figuring out is heartily welcomed. And Henriques' attempt during this regard is not just critical, yet some of the most cogent, scholarly, refined, superbly reasoned, basically articulated, and accessibly written shows of a unified thought in psychology that i've got visible in my 50 years within the discipline.”
Daniel B. Fishman, writer of The Case for Pragmatic Psychology,
Professor, Rutgers University
“As the sphere of psychology has grown, so have the demanding situations of fragmentation and of misunderstandings. This courageous e-book represents a noble quest to supply a wide, values-based, and clinical framework which holds the facility to arrange our paintings and stream us ahead in powerful, new ways.”
Lawrence G. Calhoun, writer of Facilitating Post-Traumatic Growth,
Professor, collage of North Carolina-Charlotte
“In this very bold e-book, Henriques makes a robust case for why daring efforts are wanted within the fragmented realm of mental learn and concept. even if diverse readers will most probably make assorted judgments approximately how good Henriques has succeeded in his goals, it however is an act of highbrow bold that may might be motivate psychologists to appear outdoors the slender confines of a unmarried laboratory paradigm and open their considering to the right way to deal with the total variety of human habit and experience.”
Paul L. Wachtel, writer of healing Communication,
Distinguished Professor, CUNY
“Concise, erudite, and functional, this publication is a manifesto that demanding situations psychology to maneuver earlier fragmented domain names of information to a consilient framework, that allows you to permit multi-disciplinary discourse and clinical advances. I recommend all scientists, psychotherapists, and students spend your time familiarizing themselves with the techniques and recommendations awarded during this seminal quantity by means of a number one scholar.”
Jeffrey Magnavita, writer of character Guided Relational Psychotherapy,
Read or Download A New Unified Theory of Psychology PDF
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Additional resources for A New Unified Theory of Psychology
The philosophical problem this creates becomes more apparent when one considers that the most successful descriptions of human behavior are precisely those that will receive the most attention. As such, one cannot have a comprehensive theory of human behavior and also expect that human behavior will remain unaffected by this very theory. Freud’s theories, for example, changed people. The double hermeneutic refers to the problem that theories of human behavior will interact with existing public justification systems, and because of this, facts and values are no longer so neatly separable.
Yet, sometimes the term is used in precisely the opposite manner. That is, the term behavior is used to differentiate what psychologists study from what other scientists’ study, as in “psychology is 34 2 The Problem of Psychology the science of behavior,” which is supposedly different from what biologists study. Thus the same term, behavior, is used to justify connection with other sciences in some circumstances and used to justify differentiation from other sciences in other instances. If the same term can be used for two mutually exclusive purposes, there is a problem with it.
Symbolic). Other animals 20 1 From Racing Horses to Seeing the Elephant have beliefs, in that they form mental maps or representations regarding the world and act on those expectations. One could say, for example, that the dogs in Martin Seligman’s famous learned helplessness experiments believed they could not escape from the shocks. In contrast, justifications are linguistically based representations of how the world works. According to the map provided by the ToK System, languagebased information processing exists on a different dimension of complexity (the fourth dimension, Culture) than neuro-information processing (the third dimension, Mind), so the distinction is crucial in that regard.