By William Smith
Excerpt from A Smaller Classical Dictionary of Biography, Mythology, and Geography: Abridged From the bigger Dictionary
Abae -arum), an historic city of Phocis, at the obstacles of Boeotia; celebrated for an historic temple and oracle of Apollo, who therefore derived t e surname of Abacus.
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Additional resources for A Smaller Classical Dictionary of Biography, Mythology, and Geography
W a l t o n , 1 T O nakatov Aoifuxfjg neQioxdoecog yevojuevrjg: LCL) I n contrast t o the later Graeco-Egyptian writers, Hecataeus d o e s n o t supply us with a clear chronological framework for the events he describes. F r o m the expression TO naXaiov and the references t o C a d m u s and D a n a u s w e c a n only infer that, according t o his view, the expulsion o f the foreigners f r o m Egypt t o o k place in the mythical past. , below, N o . 21) and C h a e r e m o n I, 2 8 8 ; below, N o .
VneXapov xxX: Here Hecataeus draws o n Egypt ian tradition, as Egyptian prophecies often included a description o f foreigners' c a m p a i g n s in Egypt, causing the abolishment o f the cults, the desolation o f the temples and the spreading o f pestilence and hunger over the country — till a saviour king appeared w h o brought about the expulsion o f the foreigners and restored the former order o f things. In Hecataeus' version the pestilence is an expression o f the wrath o f the g o d s , similar t o the dream in Chaeremon's Historia, a p u d : Josephus, Contra Apionem, Aegyptiaca I, 2 8 8 - 2 9 2 ( N o .
E. It was on Hieronymus that Antigonus Mono phthalmus imposed the task of supervising the Dead Sea and collecting the asphalt; cf Diodorus, XIX, 100:1-2: enl \iev ravrrjg eni/^eXrjrrjv eraljev 'Ieqcbvv/Liov rov rag 'Ioroqiag ovyyqdipavra, rovrcp de ovvereraxro nlola naqaaxevdaaadai xal ndoav rr)v doooahcov dvaXafidvra avvdyeiv elg nva rdnov. Nevertheless, Hieronymus never refers either to Judaea or to the Jews. In describing the Dead Sea, he refers only to the Nabataeans (ev rfj Nafiaralcov %coqa rcbv Aqdftcov elvai UJUVTJV nixqdv), and Josephus already expressed his disappointment with Hieronymus omission of any mention of Jews, contrasting him with his contempo rary, Hecataeus; see Contra Apionem, / , 214: aXX opicog 'Exaraiog liev xal ftifiAiov eyqaipev neql rjjbicdv, *Ieqcbvv/j,og d ovdajnov xard rr)v laroqiav ejuvrj/bidvevae xairoi o%eddv ev rolg rdnoig diarerqicpcbg.