By Daniel Lieberman, Matthias Jonas, Zbigniew Nahorski, Sten Nilsson
Uncertainty research is a key element of nationwide greenhouse gases stock analyses. the problems which are raised via the authors during this quantity, and the position that uncertainty research performs in lots of in their arguments and/or proposals, spotlight the significance of such efforts. insurance comprises: bottom-up as opposed to top-down emission stock ways, compliance and verification concerns, and the position of uncertainty in emissions buying and selling schemes.
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Extra resources for Accounting for Climate Change: Uncertainty in Greenhouse Gas Inventories - Verification, Compliance, and Trading
2004). Uncertainties in the Finnish greenhouse gas emission inventory. Environmental Science and Policy, 7, 87–98. , & Jonas, M. (2007). Compliance and emissions trading under Kyoto Protocol: Rules for highly uncertain inventories (in press). , & Jonas, M. (2007). Uncertainties of the regional terrestrial biota full carbon account: A systems analysis (in press). , & Obersteiner, M. (2000). Full carbon account for Russia. 1007/s11267-006-9118-2 Practical Policy Applications of Uncertainty Analysis for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories M.
Rypdal and Winiwarter (2000) report that, for N2O, uncertainty estimates vary dramatically – by two orders of magnitude – across existing country estimates. While differences in data and methods account for a portion of the difference, a large part of the difference is attributable to differences in the subjective assessments provided by expert judgment (Morgan & Henrion, 1990). Regulatory and market uncertainties have enormous impacts on emissions trading markets. , they are the basis of emissions trading ratios).
10 The uncertainty in a country’s base-year emissions or removal11 estimates may be greater than that during the commitment period because countries will, hopefully, have made improvements in their inventory over time, some of which cannot be fully implemented by recalculating the base – year estimate. We can broaden the definition of environmental integrity to take into account the influence of uncertainty in both the base year and the current inventory year. Focusing on emission reductions, rather than on emissions, is one way of accomplishing this.