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By Edward M. Harris

Filling an incredible hole in scholarship, this is often the 1st full-length examine of the Athenian flesh presser Aeschines. in addition to Isocrates, Aeschines was once essentially the most admired Athenian politicians who recommended pleasant ties with the Macedonian king Philip II. although overshadowed via his well-known rival Demosthenes, Aeschines performed a key position within the decisive occasions that marked the increase of Macedonian strength in Greece and shaped the transition from the Classical to the Hellenistic interval. 3 lengthy speeches through Aeschines, all added in court docket battles together with his opponent Demosthenes, were preserved and supply us with helpful information regarding Athenian politics in the course of a tremendous turning element in Greek historical past. This learn of Aeschines' political profession examines the reliability of court docket speeches as ancient proof and exhibits how they assist display how democratic associations really functioned in Athens whilst confronted with the increase of Macedonian energy.

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Something can be inferred from his profession as schoolteacher. The fact that he had to work for a living indicates that he is not likely to have had a large 26 Aeschines and Athenian Politics amount of property, but given the absence of any details about his assets it is impossible to tell whether he was a thete or not. The best evidence for Atrometus' economic position is the fact that his son Aeschines was able to serve as a hoplite. Service as a hoplite, though not one of the most expensive duties demanded of a citizen, did nevertheless require some expenditure.

The priest was one who performed sacrifices on behalf of a group of people who formed a religious association. These associations might be public or private. Priests and priestesses derived their prestige from the importance of the cults they administered. A cult like that of Athena Polias was obviously a source of great pride to the Eteobutadai, whose daughters held its priesthood. Yet if the cult were a minor one, it would bring little renown to those who conducted its rites. The priesthoods of public cults were official positions, and some were elective just like the magistracies.

The relief must represent the kind of portent that a seer was trained to interpret and thus symbolizes Cleobulus' profession. It is ill-advised to draw any conclusions about the social position of Cleobulus from the fact that he was honored with such a memorial. This type of stele could not have cost much more than thirty drachmai at the very most, not a large sum, one that was certainly within the reach of a man who had served as hoplite. And Cleobulus' tombstone is far less elaborate than many of the more lavish funeral monuments of the period.

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