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In what amounted to a tentative extension of containment strategy to the Middle East, they advocated expanding Far Eastern grant aid programmes to include assistance to South Asian and Near Eastern countries. 65 As Dean Acheson recalled: 'we began to think that the Russian menace was a little more acute than we thought it was. '66 Meanwhile, though, the American military decided to de-prioritise the region. A. 67 Primary US security interests outside the Western hemisphere remained in the North Atlantic area and the outbreak of the Korean war tied down the bulk of American conventional forces in the Far East, particularly once the Chinese intervened in October 1950.

1O The Truman administration also disliked Britain's sponsorship of Ali Mansur as Iran's new Prime Minister in March 1950. Mansur was known to accept bribes and the British felt that they could use their patronage to persuade him to force the Supplemental Agreement through the Majlis. 11 The US disagreed sharply. British tactics clashed with American attempts to co-opt nationalist sentiment and nurture charismatic, reform-minded leaders to help combat communism. 12 Mansur was 'the Persian version of Uriah Heep' and so inappropriate to US objectives that the Truman administration's policy of non-intervention in the internal affairs of other countries was seemingly waived.

68 Indeed, General Lyman L. 69 In principle the Middle East therefore offered an ideal opportunity for close Anglo-American cooperation based on shared objectives and mutual dependency. 1° The split between the State and Defense Departments particularly circumscribed its policy consistency and effectiveness. l which was more than willing to maintain the bases, military power and traditional political influence to carry the burden of being the leading Western power in the region. However, it would, and could, only do this if the US gave it financial assistance, tolerated its privileged trading status in the Middle East, and created the expectation that in a crisis Britain would receive its patronage.

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